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Setting up Ubuntu
This guide shows how to make a Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat) set up desktop that includes full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop is a. It brings all the software with which you as user needs and a similar form of a Windows desktop in familiar. The advantages are obvious: You get a secure system without DRM restrictions that works to conserve resources and also works on old hardware and the software is free.
here are of course different ways such a system set up, so this guide without warranty.
To replace the Windows desktop, is to bring the Ubuntu Desktop the following software:
GIMP - free, free replacement for Adobe Photoshop
F-Spot - application for managing digital photos for the GNOME desktop
Google Picasa - application for managing digital photos
Flash Player 10
FileZilla - multithreaded FTP Software
Thunderbird - e-mail and news software
Evolution - combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and To-Do list management functions
Empathy IM Client - Multi-Platform Instant Messaging Software
Xchat IRC - IRC Software
OpenOffice Writer - replacement for Microsoft Word
OpenOffice Calc - replacement for Microsoft Excel
GnuCash - Accounting system, similar to Quicken
Scribus - Open Source Desktop Publishing (DTP) application
Sound & Video:
Amarok - Audioplayer
Audacity - free, free cross-platform audio editor
Banshee - audio player, can encode / decode different fomat and Apple iPod music sync
MPlayer - media player (video / audio), with WMA support
Rhythmbox Music Player - audio player similar to Apple's iTunes, with support for iPods
gtkpod - software similar to Apple's iTunes, supports iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo and iPod mini
XMMS - audio player such as Winamp
dvd:: rip - A program to copy DVDs
Kino - free, free digital video editor
Sound Juicer CD Extractor - CD ripping tool, supports a wide variety of audio codecs
VLC Media Player - MediaPlayer (Video / Audio)
RealPlayer - Mediaplayer (nur für i386 Systemen)
Totem - mediaplayer (Video / Audio)
Xine - media player that supports multiple formats, plays DVDs
Brasero - CD / DVD Brennprogramm
K3b - CD / DVD Brennprogramm
KompoZer - WYSIWYG HTML editor like Macromedia Dreamweaver, but so far (still) not as feature-rich
Bluefish - text editor, suitable for many programming and markup languages
Quanta Plus - web development environment, including a WYSIWYG editor
VirtualBox OSE - allows the old Windows desktop as a virtual machine under your Linux desktop to run to leave, so you need not completely abandon Windows
Read / write support for NTFS partitions
A large part of our applications are already included in the Ubuntu Repositiories, some were made by the community of Ubuntu developers and users.
You certainly have noticed that some applications were listed twice, as the two besipielsweise CD / DVD burning software (Brasero, K3B).If you know what is best for you, you need not of course the other programs to install.However, if you want to have rather a small selection, it is useful to refer to the applications of the list.The same is true for various music players like Amarok, Banshee, Rhythmbox, XMMS or browsers (Firefox, Opera).
I will in this guide the user name falko use.Please replace it with your own user name.
2 Installing The Base System
The installation of the base system is easy because the Ubuntu installer does not offer many options so that you can not go wrong.
Choose your language and click on Install Ubuntu installation to start
On the next screen, we see some of the requirements for the installation of Ubuntu 10.10.The system used should be at least 2.6 GB of free space on the hard drive should be connected to the power for the system to not shut down during installation and should be connected to the Internet with.Please activate the checkbox while installing updates download and install this third-party software (this will install the necessary software to FLASH, MP3 and other media files to process) and click on with Forward.
Now we come to partition our hard disk.Normally option is to delete everything ide: Erase entire disk and use the good it be you want to customize your partitions and you know you made it or know exactly how you want to partition the drive.The option Erase and use the entire disk is a large / partition for us to create.
Select the hard drive that you want to select for the Ubuntu partition.
Then select your time zone.
If necessary, change the keyboard layout.
Give your real name, your desired user name with a password, and click the Forward.
According Ubuntu is installed.This may take some time, so be 'a little patience ...
After installation, one will ask you to re-start the system.Please click on Restart Now.
Your new Ubuntu system starts.Log in to your desktop one of your own chosen username and your password that you specified during the installation.